The city is the 7th largest city in Gujarat, (western India), located at the foot of the Girnar hills. It is 355 km south west of the states capital Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad. Literally translated, Junagadh means “Old Fort”. It is also known as “Sorath”, the name of the earlier Princely State of Junagadh. After a brief struggle between India and Pakistan Junagadh merged with India on 9 November 1947. It was a part of Saurashtra state and later Bombay state. In 1960, after the Maha Gujarat movement, it became part of newly formed Gujarat state. If architecture and history interest you, then Junagadh is an exciting little city to explore. It has an interesting mix of Hindu temples, Mosques, Jain temples, Buddhist Monuments, Gothic archways and Mansions. Junagadh earlier known as Girnar was built by the Mauriya rules in 4th century B.C.and was the capital of Gujarat.After Ashoka the last Mauriya ruler in 266 A.D. it passed in the controls of Kshatraps,Guptas, Chudasans and when Muslim invaders established their supremacy it remained under the muslim rule till independence.